PAINTINGS FROM THE AIEISIERG AID GALLATIN COLLECTIONS OF THE NIILIDELPIIA MUSEUM OF ART £*€ve*t 0. *j/ue/e, rice zlHteAuJetit Jrt. Jfl. S^^nadon, J ice csr&udent, £$*£ Sye/mitUstra/um S$. vnaumceif tSVewun. cdlite ,&ti/ia cMelau, ^//iyecfov- 0?neri/a6 ^aniei wa/fon, tjfiticn tSlUc/iaH ^. ffetfac/i Jte^ey, <g. 38. H4e//J<y War/ cJ^ea-rvteey The exchange of a large group of modern paintings between Xeir York and Philadelphia is an item of unique importance. To New Yorkers the fame of the combined Gallatin and Arensberg Collections is well-known. In turn, the riches of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Collection in Xew York have long been a lure for Philadelphians, pointed up especially in recent months by the added interest of the new installation in the Frank Lloyd Wright museum. While the distance between the two museums is a bare two hours there are obviously many people in both cities who cannot sacrifice even that short time to travel back and forth. The admirable purpose of this exchange is therefore to overcome this impediment and one is tempted to add that in both cases the mountain is thus "brought to Mohammed." The collection of A. E. Gallatin came to Philadelphia in 1943. Gallatin had long been a collector of books and paintings, but it was during the Twenties and Thirties that he concentrated on the School of Paris which today forms the main strength of his collection. He went every year to Europe spending many months in Paris, where he assiduously combed the galleries on both banks of the Seine and soon became intimate with the most creative minds in painting and sculpture. Be went often to the artists' studios and being an amateur photographer made a series of incisive portraits of all the leading figures. Albert Eugene, or Eugene as he was called by his friends, was also a painter in his own right. He was thus possessed of an "eye'" which, added to his exquisite taste and complete abhorrence of the second-rate, admirably fitted him to be the gentleman collector par excellence. While never forced to starve in a garret, he was not in any sense a Maecenas, it is true that he and some of his New York friends were dubbed "The Park Avenue Cubists" but this was said with respect and admiration. He bought at low prices because he had the wisdom and imagination to gauge the future, liven so the purchase of his two large paintings, the Three Musicians of Picasso and Leger's La Vllle, was done at considerable sacrifice, but it was not long before he was rewarded bg both acquisitions becoming "news" in art annals. When Gallatin's collection grew too large for his apartment he lent it to Xew York University where it was known as The Gallery of Living Art. Eventually realizing that the ever-growing collection should be more per- manently housed, he studied the suggestion of Fiske Kimball that it be given to the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Although strictly a Xew Yorker, Gallatin had been born on Philadelphia's Main Line at Villanova. While not perhaps exactly harking back to a log cabin, Albert Eugene thought it most appro- priate that he should remember his birthplace and it was thus that the collection arrived in Philadelphia in 1943. The transition and installation fortunately occurred during his lifetime, so that he had the satisfaction of seeing the ultimate disposal of his favorite objects while the museum bene- fited greatly by his knowledge and ever self-effacing suggestions. The formation of the Arensberg Collection covered a longer span of years. In their early married life Mr. and Mrs. Arensberg lived in New York and, both being keenly interested in art, found themselves in the forefront of all the avant-garde movements. The Armory Show in 1913 gave added impetus to their collecting and their proximity to the modern movement in the im- mediate years that followed had much to do with their emphasis on acquir- ing works of that decade. Their many Cubist paintings by Picasso, Juan Gris and Braque attest to this fact. Then too, their early admiration for Marcel Duehamp proved not only the beginning of a lifelong friendship but also gave them the opportunity to acquire the main body of his most important work. Among these were not only the famous Nude Descending A Staircase but also the Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even, better known as the Large Glass, which Duehamp himself considers his most important crea- tion. When the Arensbergs decided to leave New York and live in California they feared the Large Glass was too fragile to move so far and gave it to their friend Katherine Dreier, another pioneer collector. Their fears proved right for even in this short move the glass suffered seriously, developing long star- like cracks. Duehamp, however, turned this near disaster into a happy acci- dent by declaring that the cracks added greatly to his original composition. On her death, Miss Dreier willed the Large Glass to Philadelphia where it rightly returned again to form part of the Arensberg Collection. The years in Bollywood were ones of more and more acquisitions as well as years of intense study. For Walter Arensberg had a second great interest in his efforts to discover the identity of the true Shakespeare, a lifelong oc- cupation in itself and one which resulted in many articles explaining his very personal theories. The Arensberg house became the centre of the intel- ligentsia, especially in the War years when many Europeans came to live in Bollywood. Their hospitality was boundless and everyone interested in contemporary art was given a royal welcome. It was during this period that the Arcnsbergs fell under the spell of Pre-Columbian sculpture and bought many important pieces which they delighted in mingling with their School of Paris paintings. A jade mask from Teotihuacdn or an Aztec feathered serpent would find itself between a Picasso and a Klee, while in the garden at night a visitor might look down on the lights of Hollywood over a large stone conch from Vera Crux. When the Arensbergs decided to look about for a museum capable of con- taining the many elements of their collection they at first hoped it would remain on the West Coast. Since this proved impossible to realise they con- sidered several cities, ending with Philadelphia. Here the collection found its permanent home (1950-1952) next to the Gallatin Collection. The Phila- delphia Museum of Art was originally called after the state, the Pennsyl- vania Museum of Art. By happy chance Walter Arensberg had been born in Pittsburgh and so, like Gallatin, in finally choosing Philadelphia, he also proved himself a loyal son of his native state. In this happy outcome Fiske Kimball and his wife Marie played a major role. While New York is undoubtedly seeing the "cream" of the paintings it mast be remembered that there still remains the large body of sculpture from both collections which would have been complicated to displace. This in- cludes the greatest single group of Brancusi's work on view anywhere in the world, the entire collection of Pre-Columbian sculpture and of necessity Duchamp's Large Glass. It is therefore hoped that this New York showing will prove the aperitif which will urge visitors to come to Philadelphia where they will enjoy a full view of the two collections in their complete form installed in adjacent galleries and together creating a "Museum within a Museum." Uenry Clifford, Curator of Paintings, Philadelphia Museum of Art Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Library and Archives http://www.archive.org/details/paintingsfromareOOsolo The President and Board of Trustees of The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation express their gratitude to the Philadelphia Museum of Art for the generous loans from the Arensberg and Gallatin Collections. Particular thanks are due to Mr. R. Sturgis Ingersoll, President of the Philadelphia Museum, Mrs. John Wintersteen, Chairman of the Board of Governors, Mr. Henri Marceau, Director and Mr. Carl Zigrosser, Vice Director. Mr. Henry Clifford, Curator of Paintings, Mr. Henry G. Gardiner, Assistant Curator of Paintings, Miss Gertrude Toomey, Registrar and Mrs. Lysbeth Boyd Borie, Membership and Publicity, of the Philadelphia Museum have assisted materially in the arrangements of all details of the exhibition. Harry F. Guggenheim, President LOUISE AID WALTER AREJSBERG COLLECTIOJV GEORGES BRAQUE 1882 — Born in Argenteuil, France. 1893-99 Le Havre; to Paris, 1900. Studied at Academie Humbert, 1902-04. 1906 exhibited with Fauves at Salon des Independants. From. 1907 close association with Picasso. 1908 first one-man show, Galerie Kahnweiler, Paris. Participated in Pittsburgh International, 1937, 1939, 1958; Venice Biennale, 1948, 1950, 1954, 1958, 1960. Now lives in Paris. STILL LIFE. Circa 1917-18. Pasted newspaper, paper, gouache, oil and charcoal on canvas, 51 % x 29" THE TABLE. 1918. Oil on canvas, 51Vi x 29". (On reverse of ST ILL LIFE.) VIOLIN AND PIPE (with the word POLKA). 1920-21. Oil and sand on canvas, 17x36Vi". PAUL CEZAXXE 1839-1906 Born in Aix-en-Provence. 1856 studied at Aix School of Drawing. 1859 studied law in accordance ivith father's wishes. Attended Academie Suisse in Paris to study painting; associated with Impressionists. 1874 participated in first Impressionist exhibition. 1895 first one-man show at Ambroise Vollard's. 1904 featured at Salon d'Automne. Died in Aix-en-Provence. LANDSCAPE WITH TREES. 1890-94. Watercolor, IIV2 x 18". VIEW OF THE CATHEDRAL OF AIX. 1904-06. Watercolor and pencil, 12 x I8V2" MARC CHAGALL 1889 — Born in Vitebsk, Russia. 1907-10 studied painting in St. Petersburg. 1910-14 Paris; exhibited at the Salon des Independants. Returned to Russia in 1914 where he became Minister of Arts for Vitebsk after the Revolution. 1922, Berlin; 1923 settled in Paris. 1941-47 in the United States. Returned to Paris in 1947; since 1950 has lived in Vence, near Nice. HALF -PAST THREE. 1911. Oiloncanvas,77Vzx57Vi". GIORGIO BE CUIRICO 1888 — Born in Volo, Greece, of Italian parents. Ca. 1900-06 studied at Polytechnic Institute, Athens. 1906 to Munich; 1909 to Italy. 1911-15 lived in Paris; exhibited at Salon des Independants. 1915 to Italy; met Carlo Carrd. 1919 joined Valori Plastici group. To France 1924; collaborated with Breton and the surrealists. Abandoned "metaphysical" style, 1933. Lives in Rome. THE SOOTHSAYER'S RECOMPENSE. 1913. Oil on canvas, 53% x 71" SALVADOR BALI 1904 — Born in Figueras, Spain. 1921-24 studied at School of Fine Arts, Madrid. 1929 to Paris; associated with surrealists ; exhibited at Galerie Goemans. Collaborated with Luis Buhuel on films: Un Chien Andalou, 1929, L'Age d'Or, 1931. First New York exhibition 1933, Julien Levy Gallery. 1940 to California. Now lives in New York. SOFT CONSTRUCTION WITH BOILED BEANS ; PREMONITION OF CIVIL WAR. 1936. Oil on canvas, 39% x 39Vi". ROBERT BELAVNAY 1885-1941 Born in Paris. Apprenticed to scene designer. 1904 met Metzinger. 1911 exhibited with cubists in Salle 41, Salon des Independants. Met Apollinaire and Gleizes. Included in first Blaue Reiter exhibition, Munich, 1911. 1913 to Berlin ivith Apollinaire for one-man shoiv at Der Sturm. 1914-20 Spain and Portugal. 1921 returned to Paris. Died at Montpellier. SAINT-SEVERIN. Circa 1909. Oil on canvas, 38Ys x 27 3 A". EIFFEL TOWER. Circa 1909. Oil on canvas, 38% x27%". (On reverse of SAINT-SEVERIN.) AXDRMi DERASN 1880-1954 Born in Chatou, France. From 1898-99 friendship with Matisse, Vlaminck; worked with Vlaminck at Chatou. 1905 exhibited with. Fauves at Salon d'Automna; visited London. 1907 contract with dealer Kahnweiler. Executed ballet and theater decor. First prize Pittsburgh International, 1928. Died at Garches, France. WOMAN. Circa 1914. Oil on canvas, 24Yi x 18Vz" . MARCEL MCn AMP 1887 — Born in Blainville, France. Studied at Academie Julian, Paris, 1904. Joined cubists, 1911. Exhibited with Section d'Or, 1912; in Armory Show, New York, 1913. To New York, 1915. Founding member of the Society of Independent Artists, Inc., 1916. With Katherine S. Dreier, organized Societe Anonyme, New York, 1920. Associated with Dada and surrealist groups, Paris. Lives in New York. THE ARTIST'S FATHER. 1910. Oil on canvas, 36Vi x28 1 k". THE SONATA. 1911. Oil on canvas, 57 x 44W . YVONNE AND MAGDELEINE TORN IN TATTERS. 1911. Oil on canvas, 23% x 28 3 A". PORTRAIT. 1911. Oil on canvas, 57Yix 44%". PORTRAIT OF CHESS PLAYERS. 1911. Oil on canvas, 39% x 39%" . STUDY FOR "NUDE DESCENDING A STAIRCASE." November 1911. Pencil, 9% x 6W. NUDE DESCENDING A STAIRCASE, NO. 1. 1911. Oil on board, 37% x 23%". NUDE DESCENDING A STAIRCASE, NO. 2. 1912. Oil on canvas, 58 x 35". NUDE DESCENDING A STAIRCASE, NO. 3. 1916. Watercolor, ink, crayon and pastel over photographic base, 58 x 35Yz" THE KING AND QUEEN SURROUNDED BY SWIFT NUDES. 1912. Oil on canvas, 45V* x 50%". CHOCOLATE GRINDER, NO. 2. 1914. Oil, thread and paper collage on canvas, 25% x21%". MAX EttXST 1891 ■ Born in Briihl, near Cologne. Self-taught as an artist. 1913 first trip to Paris. Contributed to many Dada and surrealist publications. Has also illustrated books and designed stage sets. Collaborated on Hans Richter's film, Dreams That Money Can Buy, 1945. 1954, first prize, Venice Biennale; 1959, exhibition at Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris. THE FOREST. 1923. Oil on canvas, 28% x 19%" . EYOXEL FEIXIXGER 1871-1956 Born in New York City. Trained as a musician ; after 1887 chose painting as career. Studied art in Hamburg, Berlin and Paris, 1887-93. Berlin 1894-1906. Paris 1906-08. Met cubists in Paris, 1911. 1913 exhibited with Der Blaue Reiter, Munich. 1919-33 taught at the Bauhaus, Weimar and Dessau. 1937 returned to United States. Died in New York City. UMPFERSTEDT II. 1914. Oil on canvas, 39Vz x 3lVz". ALBERT GLEIZES 1881-1953 Born in Paris. Exhibited at Salon des lndependants, Salle 41, 1911. Participated in Section d'Or, 1912. Co-author with Metzinger of first book on cubist theory, Du Cubisme, 1912. Exhibited in Armory- Show, New York, 1913. Lived in New York, 1915-19. Retired to Saint-Remy-de-Provence in 1939 where he lived until his death. MAN ON BALCONY. (Portrait of Dr. Morinaud.) 1912. Oil on canvas, 77 x 45V*". Jl'AX GRIS 1887-1927 Born in Madrid. 1902 studied at the School of Arts and Industry, Madrid. 1906 to Paris. First exhibited 1912 at Salon des Independants and with cubists at the Section d'Or. 1922-23 executed stage sets and costumes for Diaghilev. Died in Paris. THE MAN IN THE CAFE. 1912. Oil on canvas, 50V> x 34%". THE OPEN WINDOW. March 1917. Mixed media and wax on wood, 39Vz x 29Va" THE CHESSBOARD. June 1917. Oil on wood, 28Vb x 39%". VASILY KANDINSKY 1866-1944 Born in Moscow. 1896 to Munich. With Franz Marc founded Der Blaue Reiter group, Munich, 1911. 1919 returned to Moscow; director, Museum of Pictorial Culture; taught at Academy of Fine Arts. 1922-32 professor at the Bauhaus, Weimar and Dessau. Lived in Paris from 1933 until his death. IMPROVISATION, NO. 29. 1914. Oil on canvas, 31 x 39Vz". PAVL KXEE 1879-1940 Born in Bern. 1898 studied in Munich; associated with Der Blaue Reiter, 1911. 1912 Paris. 1914 Kairuan, Tunisia. 1920-30 professor at the Bauhaus in Weimar and Dessau. 1931 professor at Diisseldorf Academy of Art. Returned to Bern, 1933; died at Locarno-Muralto. GOLDFISH WIFE. 1921. Watercolor, 14 x 20W. FISH MAGIC. 1925. Mixed media on cloth mounted on board, 30Vz x 38%" GLANCE OF A LANDSCAPE. 1926. Gouache, 11% x 18Y&". CONJURING TRICK. 1927. Mixed media on canvas, 19Vi x 16Vi". BUT THE RED ROOF. Circa 1930. Tempera on burlap, 25% x 35%". Braque: VIOLIN AM) PIPE. 1920-21. Arensberg Collection. Chagall: HALF-PAST THREE. 1911. Arensberg Collection. de Chirico: THE SOOTHSAYER'S RECOMPENSE. 1913. irensberg Collection. Duchamp: NUDE DESCE1\ DM G A STAIRCASE, NO. 2. 1912. Arensberg Collection. Oris: THE MAN IN THE CAFE. 1912. Arensberg Collection. Klee: GOLDFISH WIFE. 1921. Arensberg Collection. Leger: THE CITY. 1919. Gallatin Collection. Matisse: MLLE. YVONNE LANDSBERG. 1914. Arensberg Collection. Miro: DOG BARKING AT THE MOON. 1926. Gallatin Collection. » * d I Picasso: SELF-PORTRAIT. 1906. Gallatin Collect;,,,,. Picas.so: THE THREE MUSICIANS. 1921. Gallatin Collection. Rousseau: MERRY JESTERS. Circa 1906. Arensberg Collection. FRANK KVPKA 1871-1957 Born in Opocno, Czechoslovakia. Studied in Prague and Vienna. 1895 to Paris; friendship ivith Jacques Villon. Exhibited in Salon d'Automne, 1910. Participated in Section d'Or and Orphist movement. Joined Abstraction-Creation group, 1931. Important retrospective exhibition, Musee National a" Art Moderne, Paris, 1958. Died in Puteaux. DISKS OF NEWTON. STUDY FOR "FUGUE IN TWO COLORS." 1912. Oil on canvas, 39V 2 x 29" FERXAND LEGER 1881-1955 Born in Argentan, Normandy. 1900 to Paris ; worked as an architectural draughtsman. Began painting, 1901. Associated with cubists, 1910-14. Stage designs for Swedish Ballet, 1921-23; 1924 film "Ballet Mecanique." Visits to the United States in 1931, 1938, 1941-45. 1949 mosaic for church faqade at Assy; 1951 window for church at Audincourt. Died in Gif-sur-Yvette. CONTRAST OF FORMS. 1913. Oil on burlap, 51% x 38%". TYPOGRAPHER. 1919. Oil on canvas, 51Vs x 38V*" . REXE MAGRSTTE 1898 — Born in Lessines, Belgium. 1916-18 studied at Academie des Beaux-Arts, Brussels. Associated first with cubists, later with surrealists. 1927-30 Paris. 1938 included in International Surrealist Exhibition, Paris. Exhibited at Sao Paulo Bienal, 1951 ; Venice Biennale, 1954; Guggenheim International Award, 1956; Charleroi, Belgium, 1956; II. Documenta, Kassel, 1959. THE SIX ELEMENTS. Circa 1928. Oil on canvas, 28Vs x39Vi". LOViS MARCOVSSMS 1883-1941 Born in Warsaw. Studied at Warsaw Academy, 1901. To Paris, 1903. Studied in studio of J. Lefebvre. Friendship with Roger de La Fresnaye. Exhibited at Salon des Independants, Salon d'Automne. 1910 became affiliated with cubists. Joined Section d'Or, 1912. 1933 visited United States. Died in Cusset, France. PORTRAIT OF GUILLAUME AP0LL1NAIRE. Circa 1919. Drypoint, 19Vt x 10 3 A" HEX HS MATISSE 1869-1954 Born in Le Cateau, France. 1891 studied in Paris with Bouguereau and Moreau. Exhibited at Salon des Independants from 1901, at Salon d'Automne from 1903. One-man show, Vollard's, 1904. A leader of the Fauves. 1908 exhibited in New York, Moscow and Berlin. 1910 to Spain; 1911 to Moscow; 1911-13 trips to Morocco. Designed Vence chapel, completed 1951. Died in Nice. MLLE. YVONNE LANDSBERG. 1914. Oil on canvas, 57%, x 38%" . JEAN METZ1XGER 1883-1956 Born in Nantes. 1903 to Paris. Member of the Fauves and later the cubists. From 1906 exhibited at Salon d'Automne. Work shown Salle 41, Salon des Independants, 1911. 1912 published Du Cubisme with Albert Gleizes. One of the organizers of the Section d'Or. Included in New York Armory Show, 1913. From 1923 exhibited with the Societe Anonyme in the United States. THE BATHERS. 1913. Oil on canvas, 58Vi x 41%". JOAX MlltO 1893- Born in Barcelona. 1919 to Paris. 1922 exhibited in the international Dada exhibition, Paris; 1925 in first surrealist group exhibition, Paris. 1925 decor for Diaghilev ballet. Murals: 1937 Paris Exposition; Terrace Plaza Hotel, Cincinnati, 1947 ; Graduate Center, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1950-51. Guggenheim International Award, 1958. Lives in Palma, Majorca. THE HERMITAGE. 1924. Oil and charcoal en canvas, 45 x57Vz". MAN, WOMAN AND CHILD. February 1931. Oil on canvas, 35 x 45%". THE LOVERS. October 1934. Pastel and pencil, 41% x 27%". WOMAN. October 1934. Pastel and pencil, 41 3 kx 27%". PERSON IN THE PRESENCE OF NA TURE. 1935. Oil and gouache on wood, 29% x41W AMEOEO MODIGLIAN1 1884-1920 Born in Leghorn, Italy. Came to Paris 1906; met Picasso, Max Jacob, Apollinaire and others. 1908 first exhibited at Salon des Independants. 1909, encouraged by Brancusi, took up sculpture. 1915 returned exclusively to painting. 1917 first one-man exhibition at Berthe Weill Gallery, Paris. 1918 to south of France. Died in Paris. CARY4TID. Circa 1912-14. Blue crayon, 24% x 18Vi" . PIET MONBR1AN 1872-1944 Born in Amersfoort, The Netherlands. Studied at Academy of Fine Arts, Amsterdam. 1910 to Paris. 1914 exhibited at Salon des Independants. 1914-19 The Netherlands. 1917 founded with van Doesburg and others the periodical De Stijl. Published Le Neo-Plasticisme, 1920, Paris. 1938-40 London. 1940 to United States. Died in New York. COMPOSITION IN GRAY. 1919. Oil on canvas, 23% x 23Vz" . (Diagonal.) COMPOSITION. 1936. Oil on canvas, 28 3 A x 26". FRAXC1S PtCABIA 1879-1953 Born in Paris of Spanish parentage. Studied at Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Associated with cubists; member of Section d'Or. 1915 to New York; met Marcel Duchamp. 1916-24 published review 391 in Barcelona, New York, Zurich and Paris. Active in Dada groups in Switzerland and France. Associated with surrealists until 1926. 1940-45 in southern France. Died in Paris. DANCES AT THE SPRING. 1912. Oil on canvas, 47Yz x 47%" CATCH AS CATCH CAN. 1913. Oil on canvas, 39% x 32Vi". PABLO PICASSO 1881 — Born in Malaga, Spain. To Barcelona, 1895. 1900-01 trips to Madrid and Paris. 1904 settled in Paris. 1907 met Braque with whom he developed cubism. 1917-21 stage sets and costumes for Diaghilev ballet. 1937 "Guernica." 1939-40 Royan, near Bordeaux. Since 1946 has lived in the south of France. Retrospectives: Paris, 1955; New York, 1959; London, 1960. OLD WOMAN. 1901. Oil on board, 25% x 19%". SEATED NUDE WOMAN. 1908. Oil on canvas, 45 3 A x 35". FEMALE NUDE. 1910-11. Oil on canvas, 38% x 30Vz". MAN WITH VIOLIN. 1910. Oil on canvas, 39% x 287s". MAN WITH GUITAR. 1912. Oil on canvas, 5V/s x 35". AUGUSTE REXOIR 1841-1919 Born in Limoges; family moved to Paris in 1845. Studied with Gleyre at Ecole des Beaux-Arts, 1862. Finally accepted in Salon in 1867, after two rejections. Met Manet in 1867. 1874, took part in first Impressionist exhibition; 1880 broke away from the group. 1904, retrospective at Salon d'Automne. Died at Cagnes. THE BATHER. Circa 1917-18. Oil on canvas, 20te x 12". GEORGES ROVAVLT 1871-1958 Born in Paris. Studied stained glass making. Studied at Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris; with Moreau starting in 1892. 1901 met Huysmans. 1902-12 exhibited annually at Salon des Independents. A founder of Salon d'Automne, 1903, where he exhibited regularly until 1908. 1904 met Leon Bloy. First one-man exhibition Galerie Druet, 1910. Active in printmaking ; designed decor for Diaghilev ballet, 1929; windows for church at Assy, 1945. Died in Paris. POLICHINELLE. 1930? (Possibly begun before 1920.) Oil on paper mounted on canvas, 28% x 20%" UEMU ROISSEAU 1844-1910 Born in Laval (Mayenne), France. Employed as a lawyer's clerk. After serving in the Franco-Prussian War, became an inspector in a toll station on the outskirts of Paris. Retired on a pension in 1885 to become a professional painter. 1886 began to exhibit at the Salon des Independants. From 1890 knew Gauguin, Redon and Seurat. 1906 met Delaunay, Picasso and the cubist group. Died in Paris. MERRY JESTERS. Circa 1906. Oil on canvas, 57M- x 44%". PIERRE ROY 1880-1950 Born in Nantes. To Paris 1904; studied at Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Academie Julian and Ecole des Arts Decoratifs. 1910 associated with Fauves. 1920 associated with surrealists and exhibited with them at Galerie Loeb, 1925, Galerie Surrealiste, 1931. 1930 was a jury member for Pittsburgh International. 1939 visited Hawaii. Died in Milan. METRIC SYSTEM. Circa 1933. Oil on canvas, 57% x 39". YVES TANGUY 1900-1955 Born in Paris. Spent two years at sea ; served in army; returned to Paris, 1922. 1923 decided to paint seriously ajter seeing a picture by de Chirico. 1925 joined surrealists. Early works published in La Revolution Surrealiste. 1939 to United States; American citizen 1948. Died in Woodbury, Conn. Retrospective at The Museum of Modern Art, 1955. THE STORM. 1926. Oil on canvas, 32Vt x 25%' JACQUES VILLOX 1875 — Born in Damville (Eure), France. Painter, engraver, etcher. Eldest brother of artists Marcel Duchamp, Suzanne Duchamp, Raymond Duchamp-Villon. 1894 to Paris. Associated with the cubists. 1932-33 member of Abstraction-Creation group. 1936 visited the United States. 1940 in southern France. Participated in: Venice Biennale, 1950, 1956 (first prize for painting), 1960; Pittsburgh International, 1950 (first prize). Lives in Puteaux. ABSTRACTION. 1932. Oil on canvas, 21% x 26". YOUNG GIRL. 1912. Oil on canvas, 57% x45W. A. E. GALLATIN COLLECTION JEAX ARP 1837- Born in Strassburg. 1904 to Paris. 1906-09 studied painting in Weimar. To Switzerland, 1909. 1912 to Munich; associated with Kandinsky and Der Blaue Reiter. One of founders of Dada, Zurich, 1916. 1920 member Cologne Dada Group. Joined surrealist group, Paris, 1925. Trips to United States, 1949, 1950. Executed relief for UNESCO Building, Paris, 1957. Lives in Meudon-Val-Fleury. CONFIGURATION. 1930. Oil on wood, 27 x k x 33%". ROBERT DELAVXAY 1885-1941 THE WINDOWS. 1912. Oil on canvas, UVix 35%" THE© VAX DOESBMJRG 1883-1931 Born in Utrecht. 1908 first exhibition, The Hague. 1917 founded with Mondrian and others the periodical De Stijl. 1919-20 architectural projects with De Stijl group. 1926 published Manifesto of Elementarism. 1929-30 Paris. Helped found Abstraction-Creation group, 1931. Died in Davos, Switzerland. COMPOSITION. 1929. Oil on canvas, llVs x ll z k". (Diagonal.) Biographies appear with the first entry. A. E. GALLATIN 1881-1952 Born in Villanova, Pennsylvania. Studied at New York Law School, then began career as painter, author and collector of modern art. Exhibited in New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Boston, Paris. Founded with his collection in 1927 the New York University Museum of Living Art; in 1943 the collection was transferred to Philadelphia Museum of Art. Died in New York City. COMPOSITION. January 1942. Oil on canvas, 59% x 25". JUAN GUIS 1887-1927 MAN AT CAFE. 1911. Pencil, l9Vi x 11". THE VIOLIN. July 1913. Oil on canvas, 36Vi x 23%". STILL LIFE. 1914. Colored papers, printed matter and charcoal on paper mounted on canvas, 23Vz x 17 W EEBNANB LEGEB 1881-1955 THE CITY. 1919. Oil on canvas, 90% x 117". COMPOSITION. 1923 and 1927. Oil on canvas, 51Vz x 38Yi" JOAN M1RO 1893- DOG BARKING AT THE MOON. 1926. Oil on canvas, 28% x36W PAINTING. March 8, 1933. Oil on canvas, 51 Vs x 64V*". PIET MONDRIAX 1872-1944 COMPOSITION WITH RED. Paris, 1936. Oil on canvas, 20Vs x 19 3 A". PABLO PMCASSO 1881 SELF-PORTRAIT. 1906. Oil on canvas, 35% x 28". STUDY FOR "LES DEMOISELLES D' AVIGNON." 1907. Watercolor, 6% x 8 3 A" THE THREE MUSICIANS. 1921. Oil on canvas, 80Yi x 74Vz". THE MANDOLIN. 1923. Oil on canvas, 3PA x 39%". STAFF Director Curator oj Education Activities Secretary Acting Registrar Museum Public Relations Conservation Photography Thomas M. Messer Louise Averill Svendsen Sheila More Ogden Arlene B. Dellis Donna Butler Orrin Riley and Saul Fuerstein Robert E. Mates Business Administrator Building Superintendent Head Guard Glenn H. Easton, Jr. Anthony P. Vernon John J. feeling 5000 copies of this checklist, designed by Herbert Matter, have been printed by Sterlip Press, Inc., New York, in February 1961 for the Trustees of The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation on the occasion of the exhibition, "Paintings from the Arensberg and Gallatin Collections of the Philadelphia Museum of Art" at The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City. THE SOLOMON R. 4.1 4. (.1 Ml MM MUSEUM 1071 FIFTH AVEXl'E, XEW YORK 28. N. Y.